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NURSING ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS YOU SHOULD KNOW

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  • a – before
  • A&E – accident and emergency
  • AAMI – age-associated memory impairment
  • AB – abortion
  • Ab – antibody
  • ABCDE – airway and cervical spine, breathing, circulation, disability, exposure
  • Abd ­ abdomen/abdominal
  • ABG – arterial blood gas
  • ABP – acute bacterial prostatitis
  • ABT – antibiotic therapy
  • AC – Adriamycin and Cytoxan
  • Ac – before meals ( ante cibum)
  • ACE – all-cotton elastic
  • ACE – angiotensin-converting enzyme
  • ACLS – Advanced Cardiac Life Support
  • ACTH – adrenocorticotrophic hormone
  • AD – advance directive
  • AD – right ear (auricular dexter)
  • ad lib – as desired
  • ADA – American Diabetes Association
  • ADAMHA – Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration
  • ADC – AIDS dementia complex
  • ADH – antidiuretic hormone
  • ADL – activities of daily living
  • AEA – above-the-elbow amputation
  • AEB – as evidenced by
  • AED – automated external defibrillator
  • AFP – alpha-fetoprotein
  • Ag – antigen
  • AGA – appropriate for gestational age
  • AHF – antihaemophilic factor
  • AHG – antihaemophilic globulin
  • AI – adequate intake
  • AICD – automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • AIDS – Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  • AIH – artificial insemination
  • AKA – Above knee amputation
  • ALL – acute lymphocytic leukaemia
  • ALS – amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • ALT – alanineaspartate aminotransferase
  • am – before noon( ante meridian)
  • AMA – against medical advice
  • Amb – Ambulatory, able to walk
  • AML – acute myelogenous leukemia
  • Amt – amount
  • Angio – angiogram
  • ANP – atrial natriuretic peptide
  • AP – apical pulse; assault precautions; anterior-posterior
  • AP – appendectomy
  • APGAR – A appearance (color) P pulse (heart rate) G grimace (irritability) A activity (muscle tone) R respiratory effort
  • APH – antepartum haemorrhage
  • APIE – assessment, plan, intervention, evaluation
  • APTT – activated partial thromboplastin time
  • aq – water
  • A-R – apical – radial (pulse)
  • ARC – American Red Cross
  • ARDD – alcohol-related developmental disability
  • ARDS – adult acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • ARND – alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder
  • AROM – active range of motion; artificial rapture of membrane
  • ARRP – anatomic retropubic radical prostatectomy
  • AS – left ear (auricular sinister)
  • AS – sickle cell trait
  • ASA – acetylsalicyclic acid (aspirin)
  • AST – aspartate aminotransferase
  • ATLS – Advanced Trauma Life Support
  • ATN – acute tubular necrosis
  • ATP adenosine triphosphate
  • AU – both ears (auricular utro)
  • AV – atrioventricular
  • AVPU – Alert, Verbal, Pain Response, Unresponsive
  • B/P – blood pressure
  • BA – bowel action
  • Ba – barium
  • Ba Meal – barium meal
  • BBB – blood-brain barrier
  • BBP – blood-borne pathogens
  • BC – basal cell carcinoma
  • BCG – vaccine Bacilli Calmette-guerin vaccine
  • BCLS – Basic Cardiac Life Support
  • BCP – birth control pill
  • bd/ BD – twice a day
  • BE – barium enema x-ray
  • BEA – bellow-the-elbow amputation
  • BGL – blood glucose level
  • BGLs – blood glucose levels
  • bid – twice a day
  • BIDS – bedtime insulin and daytime sulfonylureas
  • BK – below knee
  • BKA – below knee amputation
  • BLL – blood lead level
  • BLS – Basic Life Support
  • BMI – body mass index
  • BMR – basal metabolic rate
  • BMT – bone marrow transplant
  • BNO – bowels not opened
  • BO – bowels opened
  • BOA – born out of asepsis
  • BP – blood pressure
  • BPAD – bipolar affective disorder
  • BPD – bipolar disorder
  • BPRS – Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale
  • BRAT – bananas, rice, applesauce, toast
  • BRM – biologic response modifiers
  • BRP – bathroom privileges
  • BS – bowel sound
  • BSC – bedside commode
  • BSE – breast self-examination
  • BSL – blood sugar level
  • BUN – blood urine nitrogen
  • BWO – bowel well opened
  • C – Celsius
  • c – with
  • C/O complaint of
  • Ca – cancer/calcium
  • CABG – coronary artery bypass grafting
  • CAD – coronary artery disease
  • cap – capsule
  • CAPD – continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
  • Card – cardiac
  • CAT – computerized adaptive testing
  • CAT – computerized axial tomography
  • Cath – catheter
  • CBC – complete blood count
  • CBE – charting by exception
  • CBP – chronic bacterial prostatitis
  • CC – chief complaint
  • cc – cubic centimeter
  • CCF – congestive cardiac failure
  • CCP – clinical care pathway
  • CCU – coronary care unit
  • CD – chemical dependency
  • CD4 – helper T lymphocytes
  • CEA – carcinoembryonic antigen; cultured epithelial autografts
  • CEH – continuing education hour
  • CEU – continuing education unit
  • CF – cystic fibrosis
  • CHC – community health center
  • CHF – congestive heart failure
  • CHHA – Certified Home Health Aide
  • CHO – carbohydrates
  • CIC – crisis intervention center
  • CJD – Creutzfeldt- Jakob disease
  • CLL – chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • CLTC – Citizen for Long-Term Care
  • cm – centimetre
  • CM – care/case manager
  • CMF – Cytoxan, methotrexate, fluorouracil
  • CMG – cystometrogram
  • CML – chronic myelogenous leukemia
  • CMMS – Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services
  • CMS – color, motion, sensitivity; circulation, mobility, sensation
  • CMV – cytomegalovirus
  • CNC – clinical nurse consultant
  • CNM – Certified Nurse Midwife
  • CNO – Community Nursing Organization; Chief Nursing Officer
  • CNS – central nervous system
  • CO – cardiac output
  • COA – children of alcoholics; coarctation of the aorta
  • COAs – children of alcoholics
  • COLD – chronic obstructive lung disease
  • Consult – consultation
  • COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • COTA – Certified Occupational Therapy Assistant
  • CPD – cephalopelvic disproportion
  • CPK – creatinine phosphokinase
  • CPM – continuous passive motion
  • CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • CPT – chest physiotherapy
  • CQI – contiguous (continuous) quality improvement
  • CRH – corticotropin-releasing hormone
  • CRNA – Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist
  • CRNH – Certified Registered Nurse-Hospice
  • CRP – C-reactive protein
  • CRU – Coronary Rehabilitation Unit
  • Cryo – cryoprecipitate
  • CS – complete stroke; cardiac sphincter; caesarean section
  • CSF – cerebrospinal fluid
  • CT – computed tomography
  • CT scan – computerised axial tomography scan
  • CUC – chronic ulcerative
  • CVA – cerebro-vascular accident
  • CVP – central venous pressure
  • CVS – chronic villus sampling
  • CWMS – colour, warmth, movement, sensation
  • CXR – chest X –ray
  • D & C – dilatation and curettage
  • DAPE – data, assessment, plan, evaluation
  • DARE – data, action, response, education
  • DAT – diet as tolerated
  • Db – decibel
  • DBP/dBP – diastolic blood pressure
  • DC or d/c discontinue
  • DCT – distal convoluted tubule
  • DDST – Denver Developmental Screening Test
  • DERM – dermatology
  • DES – diethylstilbestrol
  • DIC – disseminated intravascular coagulation
  • DISCUS – Dyskinesia Identification System-Condensed User
  • DJD – degenerative joint disease
  • DKA – diabetic ketoacidosis
  • dL – deciliter
  • DM – Diabetes mellitus
  • DME – Durable Medical Equipment
  • DMSA – 2, 3-dimercaptosuccinic acid
  • DNH – do not hospitalize
  • DNI – do not intubate
  • DNR – do not resuscitate
  • DOA – dead on arrival
  • DOB – date of birth
  • DPC – delayed primary closure
  • DPM – drop per minutes
  • Dr  – doctor/medical officer
  • DRF – drip rate factor
  • DRG – diagnosis-related group
  • DRI – dietary reference intake
  • DSH deliberate self- harm
  • DSM-IV – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Revision IV
  • DT – diphtheria and tetanus toxoids
  • DTAD – drain tube attachment device
  • DtaP – diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis
  • DTP – diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and pertussis vaccine
  • DTs – delirium tremens
  • DVT – deep vein thrombosis
  • Dx (diag) – diagnosis
  • EAR – estimated average requirement
  • EB virus – Epstein – Barr virus
  • EBM – expressed breast milk
  • EC – emergency contraception
  • EC – enteric coat
  • ECF – extended care facility; extracellular fluid
  • ECG – electrocardiogram
  • ECT – Electroconvulsive therapy
  • ED – emergency department; erectile dysfunction
  • EDC – estimated date of confinement
  • EEG – electroenocephalogram
  • EGH – oesophagogastroduodenoscopy
  • e-IPV – enhanced potency inactivated poliovirus vaccine
  • ELISA – enzyme-linked immunosorbent  assay
  • elix – elixir
  • EMB – ethambutol
  • Emerg – emergency department
  • EMG – electromyogram
  • ENG – electronystagmography
  • ENT – ear, nose and throat
  • EP – escape (elopement) precautions
  • EPSE – extrapyramidal side effects
  • ERCP – endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  • ERG – electroretinogram
  • ERT – estrogen replacement therapy
  • ERV – expiratory reserve volume
  • ESP – extrasensory perception
  • ESR – erythrocyte sedimentation rate
  • ESRD End – stage renal disease
  • ESWL – extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
  • ET – enterostomal therapist
  • ETOH – ethanol (alcohol)
  • ETOH W/D – alcohol withdrawal
  • EUA – examination under anaesthetic
  • ext – extract
  • F – Fahrenheit
  • FADL – functional activities of daily living
  • FAM – fertility awareness method
  • FAS – fetal alcohol syndrome
  • FBC – fluid balance chart or full blood count
  • FBP – fetal biophysical profile
  • FBS – fasting blood sugar
  • Fe – iron
  • FES – functional electrical stimulation
  • FF – forced feeding or forced fluids
  • FFP – fresh-frozen plasma
  • FHC – family health center
  • FHT – fetal heart tones
  • FPG – fasting plasma glucose
  • FRC – functional residual capacity
  • FRV – functional residue volume
  • FSH Follicle – stimulating hormone
  • FTT – failure to thrive
  • FVD – fluid volume deficit
  • FVE – fluid volume excess
  • FWB – full weight bearing
  • FWD full ward diet
  • Fx – fracture
  • g- gram
  • G – gauze
  • G6PD – glucose 6-phosphodehydrogenase
  • GA – general anaesthesia
  • GABHS – group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus
  • GCS – Glasgow Coma Scale
  • GDM – gestational diabetes mellitus
  • GERD – gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • GERI – geriatrics
  • GFR – glomerulofiltration rate
  • GH – growth hormone
  • GI – gastrointestinal
  • GIT – gastrointestinal tract
  • GP – general practitioner
  • GT – gastrostomy
  • GTN – glyceryl trinitrate
  • GTT – glucose tolerance test
  • GV – Symbol for gray
  • GVH – Graft – versus host disease
  • GYNE – gynaecology
  • h – hour
  • HAI – Hospital – acquired infection
  • Hb – haemoglobin
  • HCG Human chorionic gonadotrophin
  • HCL – Hydrochloric acid
  • hct – hematocrit
  • HDU – high dependency unit
  • hgb – hemoglobin
  • HIV – Human immunodeficiency virus
  • HNPU – has not passed urine
  • HNV – has not voided
  • HOB – head of bead
  • HRT – Hormone replacement therapy
  • hs – hour of sleep, bedtime
  • ICN – Infection control nurse
  • ICP – Intracranial pressure
  • ICSH – Interstitial cell stimulating hormone
  • ICU – Intensive care unit
  • ID – intradermal
  • ID band – patient identification band/bracelet
  • IDC – indwelling catheter
  • IDDM – insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
  • IM – intramuscular
  • IMI – intramuscular injection
  • IMV – Intermittent mandatory ventilation
  • INR – international normalised ratio
  • IPAV – Intermittent positive airway ventilation
  • IQ – Intelligence quotient
  • Isol – isolation
  • ISQ – in status quo/remain the same
  • ITP – Idiopathic – thrombocytopenic purpura
  • ITU – Intensive therapy unit
  • IU – international unit
  • IUCD – Intrauterine contraceptive device
  • IV – intravenous
  • IV Morph – intravenous morphine
  • IVABs – intravenous antibiotics
  • IVF – Invitro fertilization
  • IVF – intravenous fluids
  • IVI – intravenous injection
  • IVP – Intra venous pyelography
  • IVPB – intravenous piggyback
  • IVT – intravenous therapy
  • IVU – Intravenous urography
  • JVP – jugular venous pressure
  • Kg – kilogram
  • KVO – keep veins open
  • L – litre
  • L&S BP – lying & standing blood pressure
  • L/min – litres per minute
  • LA – local anaesthetic
  • LAD – left anterior descending (coronary artery)
  • Lat – lateral
  • LE – Lupus erythematosus
  • LFT – liver function test
  • LH – Luteinizing hormone
  • LL – lower lobe
  • LLQ – left lower quadrant
  • LMO – local medical officer
  • LMP – last menstrual period
  • LOA -Left occipito anterior
  • LOC – loss of consciousness
  • LOP – Left occipito posterior
  • LP – lumbar puncture
  • LUO – left upper quadrant
  • Mane – morning
  • MC&S – microscopy, culture and sensitivity (tests)
  • Mcg – micrograms
  • MCHC – Corpuscular haemoglobin concentration
  • MCV – Corpuscular volume
  • ME – Myalgic encephalomyelitis
  • Meds – medications
  • Mg – milligram
  •  Mgs – milligrams
  • MI – myocardial infarction
  • MLNS Mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome
  • mls – millilitres
  • mls/hr – millilitres per hour
  • mm Hg – millimetres of mercury
  • mmol – millimole/millimoles
  • MMR – Measles mumps rubella vaccine
  • Mo – medical officer (doctor)
  • MODS – Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome
  • MRI – Magnetic resonance imaging
  • MRSA – Methicillin – resistant staphylococcus aureus
  • MS – multiple sclerosis
  • MSSU – midstream specimen of urine
  • MVA – motor vehicle accident
  • N/A – not application
  • N/S – normal saline
  • NAD – no abnormalities detected
  • NAI – Non – accidental injury
  • NANDA – North American nursing diagnosis association
  • NCP – nursing care plan
  • Nebs – nebuliser
  • NEC – Necrotizing enterocolitis
  • Neuro – neurological
  • NFO – no further order
  • NFR – not for resuscitation (do not resuscitation)
  • NG – nasogastric
  • NGT – nasogastric tube
  • NJ – nasojejunal
  • NNT – Numbers needed to treat
  • Nocte – at night
  • NOF – fractured neck of femur
  • NOK – next of kin
  • NPO – nothing by mouth
  • NSAIDS – Non – steroidal anti – inflammatory drugs
  • NSU – Non – specific urethritis
  • O, ‘O’ – oral
  • O/A – on admission
  • O2 – oxygen
  • O2 sats – oxygen saturation
  • Obs – observation/vital signs
  • OD – right eye (oculus dexter)
  • OE – on examination
  • oint – ointment
  • Op – operation
  • OPD – outpatient’s department
  • OS – left eye (oculus sinister)
  • OT – occupational therapy
  • OTC – over the counter
  • OU – both eyes (oculus utro)
  • P – pulse
  • PA – per axilla
  • PAC – pressure area care
  • PACT – Prescribing analyses and cost
  • PAR postanesthesia room
  • pc – after meals(post cibum)
  • PCA – patient control analgesia
  • PE – pulmonary embolism
  • PEFR – peak expiratory flow rate
  • per – by
  • PET – Positron emission tomography
  • Physio – physiotherapy
  • PICU Paediatric intensive care unit
  • PID – pelvic inflammatory disease
  • PID – Prolapse of an intervertebral disc
  • PKU – Phenylketonuria
  • pm – after midday/before midnight
  • PM – post-mortem
  • PMHx  – past medical history
  • PMT – premenstrual tension
  • po – by mouth(per os)
  • POP – plaster of paris
  • Post-op – post-operative
  • pr – per rectal
  • PRN – pro re nata [derived from latin] –as needed or required
  • Pt – patient
  • PT – prothrombin time
  • PT – physiotherapy
  • PTT – partial prothrombin time
  • PV – per vagina
  • PVD – peripheral vascular disease
  • PWB – partial weight bearing
  • q – every
  • QA – quality assurance
  •  QALY – Quality adjusted life year
  • qd – every day
  • qh – every hour
  • qid – quarter in die [derived from Latin]-four times
  • qod – every other day
  • qs – quantity sufficient
  • R – right/ respiration
  • RAI  – Relatives assessment interview
  • RBC – red blood cells/ red blood count
  • Rehab – rehabilitation
  • REHAB – Rehabilitation evaluation of hall and baker
  • REM – Rapid eye movement
  • RFT – renal function test
  • RIB – rest in bed
  • RLL – right lower lobe
  • RLQ – right lower quadrant
  • RMO – resident medical officer
  • ROM – range of movement
  • RSI – Repetitive strain injury
  • RTW – return to ward
  • RUQ – right upper quadrant
  • Rx – treatment/orders/prescription
  • S – without
  • S/S – signs and symptoms
  •  SADS – Seasonal affective disorder syndrome
  • SaO2 – O2,oxygen  saturation
  • SARS – severe acute respiratory syndrome
  • SBP – systolic blood pressure
  • SC – subcutaneous
  • SCC – subcutaneous cell carcinoma
  • SG – specific gravity
  • SGA – Small for gestational age
  • SGPT – Serum glutamic – pyruvic transaminase
  • SHA – Strategic health authority
  • SIDS – sudden infant death syndrome
  • SL, sublin – sublingual under the tongue
  • SOB – shortness of breath
  • sol – solution
  • SOOB – sit out of bed
  • SPC – Statistical process control
  • sq – subcutaneous
  • SR – sustained release
  • ss – one half
  • Stat – immediately [once only]
  • STD – sexually transmitted disease
  • Sub-cut – subcutaneous
  • SUI – Serious untoward incident
  • sup – suppository
  • susp – suspension
  • T&A – tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
  • T, temp – temperature
  • Tab – tablet
  • TB – tuberculosis
  • tds/tid  – three times a day
  • THR – total hip replacement
  • TIA – transient ischaemic attack
  • TKR – total knee replacement
  • TO – telephone order
  • TPN – Total parenteral nutrition
  • TPR – temperature, pulse, respiration
  • Tr – tincture
  • TSH – thyroid stimulating hormone
  • TURP – trans urethral resection of the prostate
  • U&E – urea and electrolytes
  • U/A – urinalysis
  • UDB – urinary drainage bag
  • ULQ – upper left quadrant
  • UR – unit record, patient record (UR number)
  • URQ – upper right quadrant
  • URTI – upper respiratory tract infection
  • UTI – urinary tract infection
  • UV – ultra violet
  • VD – venereal disease
  • Vit K – vitamin K
  • VO – verbal order
  • VS – vital signs
  • VSD – Ventricular septal defect
  • VZV – Varicella zoster virus.
  • W/C – wheel chair
  • W/d – withdrawal
  • WBS – white blood cells
  • WNL – within normal limits
  • yr – year
  • yrs – years
READ ALSO  THE FIVE TYPES OF HEPATITIS

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