Monday, May 27, 2024


Table of Contents


  1. A tray containing the following:
    1. Patient’s treatment chart
    2. Disposable spoon
    3. A jug of water
    4. Plastic cup of water on a plastic saucer
    5. Tissue paper
    6. Patient’s medication(s)
    7. Pill crusher
  2. Patient’s folder (Electronic/Manual)
  3. Assisting nurse(s)


  1. Establish rapport (refer procedure) and explain procedure to the patient
  2. Identify and check for the rights of medication administration (e.g. right patient, right tablet(s), right to refuse, right documentation, etc.)
  3. Perform hand hygiene
  4. Prepare tray and send to patient’s bedside or appropriate place
  5. Check the prescription again with the medication
  6. Demonstrate an attitude of interest and warmth towards the patient
  7. Speak gently and calmly to the patient throughout the procedure using words of encouragement
  8. Open the container/blister and pick tablet(s) with a spoon ensuring the right medication and dosage
  9. Suggest to and assist patient to tilt head backward and support the head with the help of another nurse
  10. Coax patient to open the mouth using minimum force if necessary
  11. Pour some water into the mouth followed by the tablet(s) and encourage patient to swallow OR crush the tablet (s) per the manufacturer’s instruction and mix with water and administer to patient
  12. Rub the front of the neck gently to stimulate the swallowing reflex and ensure that the patient swallows the tablet(s)
  13. Put patient in a desired position
  14. Express appreciation to patient and direct him/her to the next activity
  15. Clear tray and perform hand hygiene
  16. Sign the treatment chart and document procedure in nurses’ notes/ patient’s folder  
  17. Observe patient for the effects of the medication and report