Thursday, April 18, 2024


Table of Contents


  1. A tray containing the following:
    1. Patient’s treatment chart
    2. Medicine cup(plastic)
    3. Plastic cup of water on a plastic saucer
    4. Disposable spoon
    5. Tissue paper
    6. Patient’s medication(s)
    7. Protective material
  2. Patient’s folder (Electronic/Manual)
  3. Assisting nurse(s)


  1. Establish rapport (refer procedure) and explain procedure to the patient
  2. Identify and check for the rights of medication administration (e.g. right patient, right tablet(s), right to refuse, right documentation, etc.)
  3. Get patient seated at a convenient place if possible
  4. Perform hand hygiene
  5. Prepare tray and send to where patient is or follow patient with the drug
  6. Check the prescription again with the medication
  7. Shake the bottle well
  8. Remove the cork and hold it with the little or ring finger
  9. Pick the medicine cup and with the thumb nail, mark the level of the measure to be taken
  10. Pour out the prescribed dose at eye level in bright light holding the bottle with the label uppermost( pour away excess mixture, never return it into the bottle)
  11. Replace the cork, read the label a third time, compare with patient’s treatment sheet and dose in the measuring cup
  12. Call patient by name in low voice
  13. Send mixture to where patient is seated or follow patient with the medicine on a saucer (a teaspoon may be added for stirring if necessary)
  14. Ask patient to open the mouth and pour the mixture in (still following him/her if necessary)
  15. Continue coaxing the patient to take the medication if he/she refuses to take it
  16. Employ other nurses to assist if all measures prove futile
  17. Remain with the patient until the medication is swallowed
  18. Express appreciation to patient and direct him/her to the next activity
  19. Clear tray and perform hand hygiene
  20. Sign the treatment chart and document procedure in nurses’ notes/ patient’s folder
  21. Observe patient for the effects of the medication and report