Tuesday, April 16, 2024

HISTORY TAKING OF A PSYCHIATRIC PATIENT

Table of Contents

REQUIREMENTS #

  1. Table
  2. Chair
  3. Pen and paper
  4. Patient’s folder (Electronic/Manual)
  5. Vital signs tray
  6. Weighing scale/ Stadiometer
  7. Serene environment

STEPS #

  1. Welcome patient and relative(s) and offer them seat(s)
  2. Sit near them with electronic device/writing material
  3. Establish rapport (refer procedure) and explain procedure
  4. Initiate communication with patient and relative(s) with assurance of confidentiality
  5. Establish eye contact with patient during history taking
  6. Observe patient’s behaviour and reactions
  7. Obtain information highlighting on the following:
    • Demographic/Personal history – name, age, sex, address, occupation etc.
    • Present psychiatric history – presenting complaints, onset, duration, etc. .
    • Past psychiatric history – previous episodes, treatments, duration, etc.
    • Family history – family genogram (medical, surgical, psychiatric conditions, etc.)
    • Developmental history – pre-natal, developmental milestone, malnutrition etc.
    • Pre-morbid personality – mood, hobbies, habits etc.
  8. Assess patient’s current mental state
  9. Check and record the vital signs of the patient
  10. Measure the weight and height of patient and record
  11. Summarize the salient points and allow patient/relative(s) to ask questions
  12. Close the session
  13. Express appreciation to patient and relative(s) and inform them on what to do next
  14. Document findings in the nurses’ note/patient’s folder