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OBS AND GYNE QUIZ 16 WITH ANSWERS AND RATIONALE

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The client tells the nurse that her last menstrual period started on January 14 and ended on January 20. Using Nagele’s rule, the nurse determines her EDD to be which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

To calculate the EDD by Nagele’s rule, add 7 days to the first day of the last menstrual period and count back 3 months, changing the year appropriately.

When preparing to listen to the fetal heart rate at 12 weeks’ gestation, the nurse would use which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

At 12 weeks gestation, the uterus rises out of the pelvis and is palpable above the symphysis pubis. The Doppler intensifies the sound of the fetal pulse rate so it is audible. The uterus has merely risen out of the pelvis into the abdominal cavity and is not at the level of the umbilicus.

When developing a plan of care for a client newly diagnosed with gestational diabetes, which of the following instructions would be the priority?

Correct! Wrong!

Although all of the choices are important in the management of diabetes, diet therapy is the mainstay of the treatment plan and should always be the priority.

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When teaching a client about contraception. Which of the following would the nurse include as the most effective method for preventing sexually transmitted infections?

Correct! Wrong!

Condoms, when used correctly and consistently, are the most effective contraceptive method or barrier against bacterial and viral sexually transmitted infections.

When taking an obstetrical history on a pregnant client who states, “I had a son born at 38 weeks gestation, a daughter born at 30 weeks gestation and I lost a baby at about 8 weeks,” the nurse should record her obstetrical history as which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

The client has been pregnant four times, including current pregnancy (G). Birth at 38 weeks’ gestation is considered full term (T), while birth form 20 weeks to 38 weeks is considered preterm (P). A spontaneous abortion occurred at 8 weeks (A). She has two living children (L).

Which of the following would the nurse use as the basis for the teaching plan when caring for a pregnant teenager concerned about gaining too much weight during pregnancy?

Correct! Wrong!

To ensure adequate fetal growth and development during the 40 weeks of a pregnancy, a total weight gain 25 to 30 pounds is recommended:

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For which of the following clients would the nurse expect that an intrauterine device would not be recommended?

Correct! Wrong!

An IUD may increase the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, especially in women with more than one sexual partner, because of the increased risk of sexually transmitted infections. An IUD should not be used if the woman has an active or chronic pelvic infection, postpartum infection, endometrial hyperplasia or carcinoma, or uterine abnormalities.

For the client who is using oral contraceptives, the nurse informs the client about the need to take the pill at the same time each day to accomplish which of the following?

Correct! Wrong!

Regular timely ingestion of oral contraceptives is necessary to maintain hormonal levels of the drugs to suppress the action of the hypothalamus and anterior pituitary leading to inappropriate secretion of FSH and LH. Therefore, follicles do not mature, ovulation is inhibited, and pregnancy is prevented.

When preparing a woman who is 2 days postpartum for discharge, recommendations for which of the following contraceptive methods would be avoided?

Correct! Wrong!

The diaphragm must be fitted individually to ensure effectiveness. Because of the changes to the reproductive structures during pregnancy and following delivery, the diaphragm must be refitted, usually at the 6 weeks’ examination following childbirth or after a weight loss of 15 lbs or more. In addition, for maximum effectiveness, the spermicidal jelly should be placed in the dome and around the rim. However, the spermicidal jelly should not be inserted into the vagina until involution is completed at approximately 6 weeks.

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A client in her third trimester tells the nurse, “I’m constipated all the time!” Which of the following should the nurse recommend?

Correct! Wrong!

During the third trimester, the enlarging uterus places pressure on the intestines. This coupled with the effect of hormones on smooth muscle relaxation causes decreased intestinal motility (peristalsis). Increasing fiber in the diet will help fecal matter pass more quickly through the intestinal tract, thus decreasing the amount of water that is absorbed. As a result, the stool is softer and easier to pass.

OBS AND GYNE QUIZ 16 WITH ANSWERS AND RATIONALE
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