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HomeLifestyleCAUSES OF STRESS AMONG NURSES, ORGANIZATIONAL, PATIENT, AND PERSONAL FACTORS

CAUSES OF STRESS AMONG NURSES, ORGANIZATIONAL, PATIENT, AND PERSONAL FACTORS

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Stress is a common experience among nurses. It is estimated that up to 80% of nurses experience some level of stress on a daily basis (Aiken, Sloane, & Lake, 2002). Stress can have a negative impact on nurses’ physical and mental health, as well as their job satisfaction and sense of well-being.

The causes of stress among nurses are varied but can be grouped into three general categories: organizational factors, patient factors, and personal factors.

Organizational factors that contribute to stress among nurses include long hours, shift work, high patient loads, and understaffing. These conditions are often compounded by poor working conditions, such as inadequate resources and support, and a lack of autonomy and control over one’s work.

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Patient factors that contribute to stress among nurses include caring for patients with complex needs, working with difficult or uncooperative patients, and witnessing patient suffering.

Personal factors that contribute to stress among nurses include a lack of social support, juggling work and family responsibilities, and caring for patients who are terminally ill or have died.

The effects of stress on nurses are significant. Stress can lead to burnout, which is characterized by emotional exhaustion, cynicism, and a reduced sense of accomplishment. Burnout can lead to absenteeism, job turnover, and a decrease in the quality of patient care. In addition, stress can lead to physical health problems, such as headaches, gastrointestinal problems, and sleep disorders. . Stress can contribute to mental health problems such as anxiety and depression, and can negatively impact job satisfaction and productivity.

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There are several strategies that nurses can use to manage stress. These include identifying personal stressors and finding ways to reduce or eliminate them, developing a support network of family and friends, and participating in relaxation and stress-reduction activities. In addition, nurses can seek out counseling or therapy to deal with stress-related issues.

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